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变压器油管理注意事项有哪些?

变压器油在变压器的运行中主要起绝缘和冷却的作用。因此凯奥变压器油的质量直接影响到变压器的绝缘,一旦变压器油在变压器厂家储存等过程中发生问题,将使其一批产品受到影响,给变压器生产带来严重困难。
Transformer oil plays the role of insulation and cooling in the operation of transformers. Therefore, the quality of Kaiao transformer oil has a direct impact on the insulation of transformer. Once the transformer oil is stored in the transformer factory and other problems occur, it will affect a number of products and bring serious difficulties to the production of transformer.
因此在变压器生产中对凯奥变压器油的管理,应提到重要的地位,认真对待。凯奥变压器油从开始储存、输送、油处理、取样、试验、使用等系列环节都应有完整的规程制度,并严肃认真地执行,每个环节都必须按科学态度行事,绝不可疏忽大意,更不允许为“省事”而违章。
Therefore, the management of Kaiao transformer oil in transformer production should be mentioned as an important position and be taken seriously. Kaiao transformer oil from the beginning of storage, transportation, oil treatment, sampling, testing, use and other links should have a complete set of rules and regulations, and seriously implement, each link must act according to a scientific attitude, must not neglect carelessness, let alone "trouble-saving" and violations.
在变压器油的管理中变压器生产厂家应注意以下问题:
山东变压器油
In transformer oil management, transformer manufacturers should pay attention to the following problems:
1、新油进货以后,必须先经验收送入油库。入库前验收主要是介损,油的耐压值,PH 值,闪点和凝固点。
1, after the purchase of new oil, it must be sent to the oil depot before acceptance. The acceptance before storage is mainly dielectric loss, oil pressure value, pH value, flash point and freezing point.
2、不同油基的油不可装入一个油罐中。一般不同油基的油相混合应规定比例限制(只允许少量混合),而且要经过认真的相容性试验。
2, different oil base oil can not be loaded into an oil tank. In general, the mixing of different oil-based oils should be limited in proportion (only a small amount of mixing is allowed), and a serious compatibility test should be carried out.
3、油的储存罐是加盖封闭的,防止水及灰尘的落入,如果是较长时间的储存,为防止油表面与空气 的长期接触而加速老化,应采用真空储存或在油面上充以干燥的氮气。
3. The oil storage tank is sealed with a cover to prevent water and dust from falling into it. If it is stored for a long time, in order to prevent the oil surface from long-term contact with air and accelerate aging, vacuum storage or filling the oil surface with dry nitrogen should be adopted.
4、输送油的管路系统应当保持良好的密封性,防止在油的输送过程中混入空气,形成气泡。另一方面也可防止油的渗漏,造成损失和不安全因素。
4. The pipeline system of oil transportation should keep good sealing property to prevent air from mixing in the process of oil transportation and forming bubbles. On the other hand, it can prevent leakage of oil, causing losses and unsafe factors.
5、使用过的变压器油不可与新油混合,不可注入油处理系统中,应另外单独处理,以防止污染,尤应注意防止胶体污染。
5. Used transformer oil can not be mixed with new oil, can not be injected into the oil treatment system, should be treated separately to prevent pollution, especially to prevent colloid pollution.
6、在输送或油管路中如有橡胶软管或塑料软管,在投入使用前必须经相容性试验,确认抗油性能良好,对油无不良影响时方可使用。而且使用前应经常清洗,防止管内残留有未除净的其他杂质。
6. If there are rubber hoses or plastic hoses in transportation or oil pipelines, they must be tested for compatibility before they are put into use to confirm that they have good oil resistance and no adverse effects on oil. And should be cleaned before use, to prevent any residual impurities in the pipe.
7、如发现油的介损增加增高,而且经过滤及脱水脱气处理得不到明显改善时,可初步判定油受到污染,应进一步测试油的酸度和其他指标,尽可能找出被污染的原因,这时应考虑对这种油作“吸附”处理。
7. If it is found that the dielectric loss of the oil increases, and the oil can be preliminarily determined to be contaminated by filtration and degassing treatment without obvious improvement, the acidity and other indicators of the oil should be further tested to find out the cause of contamination as far as possible, and the oil should be considered for "adsorption" treatment.
8、储油设备和油处理设备周围环境必须经常保持整齐,清洁,备有适当的消防器材、在这些场所应严禁吸烟,和明火作业,并不得存入易燃物品。
8. The surrounding environment of oil storage equipment and oil treatment equipment must always be kept neat and clean, equipped with appropriate fire fighting equipment, strictly prohibit smoking in these places, and open fire operations, and must not store inflammable articles.
9、油路管理,油处理设备等都应设专人负责,明确职责,熟练掌握设备性能和操作方法,并能使用消防设施。
9. Oil pipeline management, oil treatment equipment, etc. should be set up a special person responsible for clear responsibilities, skilled in the performance of equipment and operating methods, and can use fire protection facilities.
10、滤油机的清洗或更换滤心是一项精细的工作,应由熟悉设备结构的工人指定地点操作,防止在工作中由于疏忽造成油的污染。
10. Cleaning or replacing the filter core of the oil filter is a delicate job. It should be operated at a designated place by workers familiar with the structure of the equipment to prevent oil pollution caused by negligence.
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